4 Hugues Ross - Blog
Hugues Ross


Halberd - Violently and Thoroughly Changing Directions

Hello all,

Today, I wanted to talk about a change of approach. Changing approaches is something I do a lot, probably because I'm not very good at project management. I've been taking a break from Halberd for a few weeks, and I'm starting to have some reservations about my current plans. The crux of my worries is the following question:

Why am I doing this?

In the original announcement, I gave two goals for Halberd:
  • An open-ended and vague "make a cool and polished engine"
  • Making some games
Goal #1 feels like a bit of a cop-out. Saying "I'm going to make an engine because I want to make an engine" doesn't really mean anything. Instead, let's focus on goal #2.

It's been nearly 14 months since I started Halberd. My longest-running finished game project, AMAZE, took roughly 9 months to build from scratch. It's safe to say that had I been focused on the goal of making games that I'd have finished, or gotten very far along with, one or two of them by now. Instead, I've been busy with Halberd. Why?

I think this is a problem that I've had before. It's really easy to get distracted by dreams of being a cool dude with a big flashy product, and wind up on a wild goose chase. DFEngine suffered from a similar issue as well, and I think both have something in common: Rather than treating the game engine as a means to an end (the game), they exist as standalone projects.

There's also a question of audience, the way I'm designing Halberd's workflow isn't optimized for my needs. Despite that, I'm the only customer of the project that I know of. I really should be building tools for myself first and foremost, since I know myself best and don't have a focus-testing budget.

Thankfully, the solution is very easy! Like any good parent, I will cut down the disappointing child immediately, and without mercy. That's good parenting, right?

Wait, you're just--

Yup. Halberd's dead forever.

As for those games I wanted to make? I'll make them. I don't need a complete GUI-driven game engine to make games, and the remains of Halberd may provide a helpful initial boost. If I succeed in my projects, I'll obviously also have a viable RPG engine at the end.

Win-win, right?


Halberd - Actors, Part 2

At the end of last month, Halberd's current iteration had its first birthday. I think that makes this my longest and most successful attempt so far! As I mentioned in my original post about Halberd, this has been a recurring project, something that I wanted to do for years but never managed to complete. Seeing a milestone like this is pretty nice!

That's enough celebrating though, it's time for dialogue.


As you might guess by when this is coming out, I missed my mark by about a week. Between taxes, a birthday, and a pixel art collab, I put a few too many tasks on my plate and the date slipped. I finished the feature, but then some health problems kept me from actually posting for a while.

It's been done for a while though! Dialogue trees can be displayed via trigger, and can have test boxes, choices, and even call triggers mid-dialogue. This obviously helps a lot on the storytelling end of things, making a coherent plot that lacks dialogue isn't easy.

The Editor

Right now, the dialogue editor is pretty bare-bones. It's just a property grid wrapped around a dialogue tree, with no special checks or previewing. As always though, the important thing is that it just works. Like all of Halberd's editors, I'll be making multiple polish passes over time to improve usability.
She's a fixer-upper

I think this is a good moment to also remind everyone reading this: This is the gain I was expecting to get from the propertygrid. Being able to will functioning simple asset editors into existence with next to no effort is what made the months of work worth doing. From now on, these basic 'propertygrid editors' are probably going to show up a lot when adding new features due to how fast they are to produce.

Frame Job

Another thing that you probably noticed in that video is the UI. There are still a couple of bugs to work out, but the system's in place and it's now possible to make a much nicer-looking interface.

The main goal that I was working towards with the UI was full layout customization, but right now it's restricted to just skinning the frames around various elements. It's a pretty standard '9-slice' setup, without any fancy bells and whistles, but it works.

Next Up Is...

Something different. I'm going to be changing gears a little, so that will wait for its own post.


Halberd - Actors, Part 1

One of my goals for this month is to get myself back on the right track with Halberd's development. To recover from my little detour, I decided to implement one major new feature: NPCs. So far, I've had some good success!

Defining The Problem

Before starting, I decided to put together a to-do list of sorts. My overarching goal is to have placeable characters that the player can talk to, and in the following two issues I laid-out a general roadmap for the feature as lists of sub-tasks.

I broke my goal in two because I felt that I had a good strategy for separating dialogue from NPCs: By making dialogue part of Halberd's existing collection of triggers, I could design NPCs in a way that would make it pluggable later without any effort. The final design of NPCs (now called Actors) is very similar to Halberd's trigger volumes, but with different criteria for triggering actions.

The process of getting actors in place was uneventful, so much so that I apparently forgot to take any screenshots! Oh well, better luck next time.

Hitting A Snag

Once actors could be added to maps, the next problem was making them trigger actions when the player collided or interacted with them. This turned out to be much harder than anticipated, but not for the reason you might expect.

DFGame's property grid is still very young, and I've been trying to limit my work on it to features that I actually need. At the time that I started on actors, the property grid was completely static. That meant no triggers, because triggers have different fields depending on what they do. So, before I could finish my actors I had to revamp my property grid code accordingly.

In the end, I refactored the code and added support for the <choice> XSD element. This took a little over a week on its own, so I did take a few screenshots:


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First Draft - Initial Support

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Second Draft - Style Fixes

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Third Draft - Changeable Element Types

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Final Version - Slightly simplified UI

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Wrapping Up

The new possibilities offered by <choice> gives me pretty much everything I need to convert the rest of Halberd's UI to use the property grid. With the new tech in hand, I finished adding actor triggers then merged the actor and trigger editors into a single 'Objects' tab. I also converted the encounter list while I was at it:
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Let's Talk

The first step to adding dialogue is getting a trigger in place to do it:
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That's the latest thing I've accomplished, so my next move will be to get that text on-screen. To that end, I'm looking into merging my UI work so I can get some pretty dialogue boxes in place.

Once that's done, I'll be making a proper editor for dialogue trees. In addition to letting devs add more text, I also want to add support for choices and triggers in dialogue. The latter in particular excites me: It'll let dialogue have a real effect on gameplay, while tying into future additions (such as items and plot flags) very well.

Watch this space for a follow-up!


Halberd Studio - Priorities and Time

Hello again! Despite 2 months of work, this is somehow my first post of the year. I've got an even deck of good and bad news, but nothing too major on either side.

Tilemap Upgrades

Let's start off with the good stuff. While the task splitting that I started late last year has been slowing down direct progress, it has also given me the opportunity to make some nice improvements elsewhere. During the past few months, I've put some effort into improving the tilemap editor. I'll go through the changes below, but let's see what you can spot first:

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The first thing I added to the tilemap editor this year was a tile grid. A grid overlay may seem like a humble addition, but it makes judging distances and lining up elements much easier. Pushing the feature even further, I also made it fully customizable:

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With several different line styles, and any color(s) you want, there's a good chance that you can find a grid that fits the maps it overlays. With that said, the grid can also be turned off if you prefer a clean-looking map.

New Tools

To complement the existing pencil and bucket tools, I added tools for placing lines, rectangles, and ovals. All of these tools can be modified with ctrl/shift as you'd expect coming from most art programs, so the result should be pretty straightforward when people pick it up.

I also took the opportunity to re-use the line code to add 'connected drawing' to the pencil tool, so quick strokes won't leave holes behind!


Of course, those tools wouldn't work well if you couldn't see what the results. To that end, I also made all of the tools preview their effects before placement. Before, you could only see the new tile directly under your cursor and it was deceptively easy to flood-fill a tile that you meant to place normally. Now, it's blindingly obvious what will happen so I expect fewer slip-ups.

Priority Issues

As I mentioned at the top, there is some bad news to go with the good. Progress on new features has been excruciatingly slow, mainly due to prioritizing the wrong tasks. I've been slowly realizing this for a few weeks, and I'm finally changing directions.

Right now, there are two main improvements that Halberd needs. First of all is NPCs/dialogue. Without characters and text, it's hard (though technically possible) to tell an engaging story. NPCs can also do a lot of other things in an RPG context, such as selling items or providing avoidable combat instead of random encounters. Second is adding depth to the available combat systems, through skills/items/etc. Such additions can give the player options beyond 'attack' and 'run', and allow for more interesting challenges.

What I think happened is that I looked at both of these possibilities, and saw a common thread: both of these require some UI work. So, instead making direct progress on these tasks, I started working on a fully customizable UI system. At the time, I figured that giving developers the tools to dictate how the UI looked and worked would allow for more possibilities with these features. However, this system turned into a time sink that blocked my progress for a few months.

Don't get me wrong--custom UI is a real feature that Halberd will need. It just isn't the right task for the moment. On the upside, what I did make can still be used even if it doesn't offer much yet.

Next Steps

Whether or not I learn my lesson remains to be seen. With that said, I think the next feature that I'll work on is getting NPC support in. With my tilemap editor upgrades done, it feels like the natural path to take. Ideally, I'd also like to work NPC interactions and dialog into the existing triggers. I think doing so will greatly expand the possibilities that these new features add.


2018 End of Year Wrap-up

Here we are, at the end of a new year. It's crazy how quick these years go by nowadays, but at least I'm still getting plenty done! Let's jump right over to some accomplishments:

Cloudy Climb

DFGame had its first field test this year, with a little platformer called Cloudy Climb. The game was very short and not great, but I was able to get things done without too much trouble. I'm in the mood to make another small game this year, but I haven't decided when. I'm focused on bigger stuff right now, so it'll probably happen much later in the year.


On that note, let's look at DFGame. Since last year, DFGame has received dozens of improvements and 2 new modules. Despite the progress, I haven't made a new version since May. At this point, DFGame feels like it has made enough changes to consider a 2.0 version release. For the sake of making it a good one, I want to polish a little longer.


This year also marked a return to my longest-running project: The Halberd RPG engine! This attempt is shaping up better than the previous ones, so hopefully things will continue to go smoothly next year. I'm not ready for a source release just yet, but it'll probably happen within the first 6 months of 2019.

...What about Singularity?

I've been awfully quiet about other projects for a while, and Singularity hasn't seen much attention since the release back in January. I've grown quite a bit as a software dev since then, and I want to make a cleaner and more polished release. I've scheduled an v0.4 release for next June, though obviously that date isn't a guarantee. I'll be focusing on bugfixes and polish this time around, since most of the important big features are already working.

A Little More

I didn't just spend all of 2018 programming (though I'll admit that was most of it). I also made some art! Following up on last year's attempts to learn pixel art, I kept practicing and improving. I'm not a great artist, but I'm miles ahead of where I began at this point. I can't wait to see what the future brings in this regard, who knows how my games will look in a few years!

On that note, I drew a few more things to cap off the year:
I'm also planning to look into a few other styles of art, such as digital painting. I think expanding my view of art will help me grow my style in general, so there may be more than pixel art around here a year from now...

Next Year

Besides the obvious, I have a few extra plans for 2019. I'd like to take dflib and fold it into the dfgame ecosystem, probably as its own set of high-level modules. This will not only give me an excuse to update and fix up dflib, but it'll also let any of my existing dflib projects to pick up any dfgame features they want. Most won't be useful, but there are a few interesting possibilities like audio notifications.

I also have another little something that might happen with dfgame later. We'll see about that...